Canadian Women Film Directors Database
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"Mina Shum's debut feature, Double Happiness, is a film that challenges the scopic drive of mainstream Hollywood films by intervening in what Ann Kaplan calls 'dominant looking relations'. The film, the first feature produced by a Chinese Canadian woman, self-consciously plays with its North American audience's expectations of cinematic gaze, narrative voice, subjectivity, and racial stereotypes."
-- Eleanor Ty

Ty, Eleanor. "Rescripting Hollywood: Performativity and Ethnic Identity in Mina Shum's Double Happiness." In The Politics of the Visible in Asian North American Narratives. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004. (p. 69)