United Kingdom, 1999 (fiction, 112 minutes, colour, English)
Also known as
"Kasvattitytön tarina", "Lettres de Mansfield Park", "Palácio das Ilusões"
"Patricia Rozema's daring adaptation of Mansfield Park is a witty look at romance and reality, Jane Austen style. Rozema has taken Jane Austen's third and most controversial novel and infused its lead character with irreverent and mischievous nature at the heart of Austen's own letters and early writings. The result is an original social satire with a strong-willed heroine at its center who à la Austen attempts to outsmart the dizzying labyrinth of marriage and social status -- without compromising her ideals or her heart. This is the story of Fanny Price, who emerges from this comedic maze having discovered the rightness of one true love. [...]"
|Film Credits (partial):
||Mansfield Park, a novel by Jane Austen|
||Sarah Curtis, David Aukin, Trea Hoving, Colin Leventhal, David M. Thompson, Bob Weinstein, Harvey Weinstein|
||Frances O'Connor, Jonny Lee Miller, Harold Pinter, Alessandro Nivola, Embeth Davidtz|
||Arts Council of England, BBC Films, HAL Films, Miramax Films, Miramax HAL Films|
Quotes by the Director
"I believe in tension and release, in that if you stay in the same tone and mode and intensity for too long, it actually becomes monotonous. When you change up your pace or your humour level, then the release is welcome. [...] I believe that's my biggest job: tone control, and maintaining enough unity so that it all feels like one movie and all the scenes belong together, and yet diversity so that emotional and narrative interest is maintained."
-- Patricia Rozema
"I selected this location [Kirby Hall] because I was keen to show something a little bit more grand and majestic, beautiful, but faded; its majesty was worn and torn. [...] Clearly they're a family hanging onto a glory that is waning, and I do believe that that was Austen's intent with Mansfield Park."
-- Patricia Rozema
"Maybe it's the remnants of my religious upbringing, but I do try and insert
a sense of social justice into the work ... for instance, to me,
Mansfield Park is a story about servitude and slavery. Other
people may have a problem with that, but that's how I read the book and so
that's how I shot the movie."
-- Patricia Rozema
"When I look back upon the choices I made in making Mansfield Park, I feel they were pretty ballsy. I just thought there has to be a reason why I was doing a period piece. I wanted to say, 'Look, we are rich because of slavery. We stole people and made them into slaves. Nothing comes for free.' I didn't want to do another English dance party."
-- Patricia Rozema
"You cannot underestimate what a radical thing it is to change from one art form to another. An author slaves to start with just the right word, phrase, sentence, and paragraph. The sounds of the words are crucial. But all the demands of words and prose are lifted when you make a movie. The physical presence makes many unnecessary and some necessary ones impossible. So you serve two masters as an adapting filmmaker: the author's intention and the needs of film. Sometimes 'fidelity' can mean only focusing on one day of a story told over twenty years in a book."
-- Patricia Rozema
Quotes by the Director [in French]
"J'ai voulu rendre le film encore plus autobiographique que le roman au moyen des lettres, de ses écrits d'adolescence et par le fait qu'elle accepte le mariage pour ensuite le refuser."
-- Patricia Rozema
"Si l'héroïne Fanny Price est devenue plus sympathique dans mon film, ce n'était pas dans le but d'accroître sa valeur commerciale, mais pour des raisons personnelles. Comme cinéaste, mon travail est d'apporter un nouveau regard. J'ai voulu montrer l'univers d'Austen dans ses aspects plus explicitement sexuels, passionnés, tragiques mais aussi burlesques en un monde marqué par l'esprit de caste."
-- Patricia Rozema
Quotes about Mansfield Park
"Despite its achingly straight heritage, in Rozema's hands Mansfield Park is a queer film indeed. But it is not the quasi-lesbian encounters between Fanny Price (Frances O'Connor) and Mary Crawford (Embeth Davidtz) that mark it so -- despite the fact that this is what was latched onto by the critics. [...] Instead, it is the film's creation of a polyvalency of desire, a general air of erotic objectification available to both the characters and spectators and unhinged from the conventional love-story trajectory."
-- Michele Aaron
"Unlike other recent Austenian adaptations, Rozema's Mansfield Park
self-reflexively points to itself as intertext, as an intervention into
contemporary debates on Austen and authorship. Above all, it effectively
and openly acknowledges that the very process of adaptation is
necessarily founded on an act of reading and 'unfaithful' possession."
-- Mireia Aragay
"Widely considered Rozema's masterpiece for its originality in adaptation and deftness in direction, she collaborated on the film [Mansfield Park] with her partner Lesley Barber, who composed the musical soundtrack."
-- Kay Armatage
"By looking at Fanny/Austen in the text in connection with [Patricia] Rozema's comments about authorship and adaptation, we can reread the self-authorizing narrative of Mansfield Park as a self-authorizing narrative of the woman filmmaker as well."
-- Shelley Cobb
"Patricia Rozema's brilliantly tendentious film of Mansfield Park (1999)
reflects an awareness not only of postcolonial criticism that has implicated
the novel in issues of slavery but of gender criticism that has discovered
alternative sexual possibilities in her novels. Perhaps it is their
responsiveness to multiple ideological demands, rather than their achievement
of universal truths transcending culture and period, that makes her novels
-- Alistair M. Duckworth
"This [Mansfield Park] is an uncommonly intelligent film, smart and amusing too, and anyone
who thinks it is not faithful to Austen doesn't know the author but only her plots."
-- Roger Ebert
"[Patricia] Rozema redirects the focus of Mansfield Park, turning a novel concerned with
the effects of particular upbringings on individual happiness and morality
into a film concerned with the effects of broader social forces on the content
and discontent of entire classes of people, as well as their individual
-- Sayre Greenfield, Linda Troost
"In Mansfield Park, Rozema's social critiques of slavery, colonialism, and
women's roles in society make it impossible to incorporate Austen's emphasis of stability, moral guidance, and community. In the adaptation, Rozema emboldens Fanny's character, inviting audience members to cheer Fanny's freedom from Sir Thomas's and Mansfield Park's imprisonment and their moral flaws. [...] While Rozema's film skews the preferred reading of Austen's novel toward a contemporary colonialism critique, Mansfield Park remains true to many aspects of Austen's work. The adaptation bases its interpretation and critique in the text; in other words, the interpretation is viable, although controversial."
-- Kathi Groenendyk
"Finally a director has taken real risks and reaped real rewards with [Jane Austen's] work, treating her novels not as a museum piece or as a sacred text but as a living presence whose power inspires flight. Mansfield Park is an audacious and perceptive cinematic evocation of Austen's distinctively sharp yet forgiving vision."
-- Claudia L. Johnson
"A box-ofice disappointment after the string of Austen hits, Mansfield Park
represents the definitive internationalisation of the Austen franchise beyond
the British heritage aesthetics. It is also the most reflexive film in the
Austen cycle. In Mansfield Park, the stylisation of the mise-en-scène
articulates a discourse on the past that is divided between the reenactment of
the pleasures of the romance narrative, and their ironic rewriting."
-- Belén Vidal
"While outraged fans imagined Jane Austen rolling or spinning in her grave in response to Rozema's Mansfield Park, in many ways the film's emphasis on the slavery subtext in Austen's novel was simply the logical outcome of the revisionist historiography and literary criticism of the past twenty years or so that has placed the question of slavery at the center of discussion of early nineteenth-centry British history in general and of Austen's Mansfield Park in particular, and has placed this hitherto least appreciated of her novels at the center of the Jane Austen canon."
-- Tim Watson
"Itself a 'heritage piece', with all the accessories of the genre, beautiful cinematography, elegant costumes, sweeping panoramas, and the obligatory ball, the film [Mansfield Park] seeks to modify, perhaps contest, the genre from within."
-- John Wiltshire
Quotes about Mansfield Park [in French]
"Ce film [Mansfield Park], généralement considéré comme son chef d'oeuvre en raison de son originalité et de l'habileté de sa réalisation, est le fruit d'une collaboration avec sa partenaire, Lesley Barber, qui en a composé la trame sonore."
-- Kay Armatage
"Au lieu de simplement mettre en images la trame du récit, la cinéaste torontoise a en effet choisi de modifier celle-ci en y intégrant des écrits de jeunesse de la romancière. Elle jette ainsi un éclairage nouveau sur l'oeuvre, mais surtout sur Jane Austen elle-même en faisant non seulement de l'héroïne de l'histoire une écrivaine, mais aussi l'alter ego de cette dernière."
-- Marc-André Lussier
"Une caméra souple, de belles images, des caractères bien dessinés : cette oeuvre à la fois grave et drôle, tournée sur plusieurs sites de Grande-Bretagne, est un excellent cru Austen, techniquement assez classique. La signature éclatée de la cinéaste du Chant des sirènes n'est pas toujours visible si ce n'est dans ce regard critique posé sur la belle société égoïste ici dépeinte."
-- Odile Tremblay
Publications by the Director about Mansfield Park
- Rozema, Patricia. "Audio Commentary with Writer/Director Patricia Rozema."Mansfield Park, DVD. Directed by Patricia Rozema. Montreal: Alliance Atlantis, 2000.
- Rozema, Patricia. Mansfield Park:
Final Shooting Script. New York: Talk Miramax Books, 2000.
Bibliography for Mansfield Park
- Alcalá, Celestino Deleyto. "Return to Austen: Film Heroines of the Nineties." In Refracting the Canon in
Contemporary British Literature and Film, edited by Christian Gutleben and Susana Onega, 95-110. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2004.
- Brownstein, Rachel. "The Reel Jane Austen." In Re-Drawing Austen: Picturesque Travels in Austenland, edited by Beatrice Battaglia and Diego Saglia, 445-451. Napoli: Liguori, 2004.
- Church Gibson, Pamela. "Otherness, Transgression and the Postcolonial Perspective: Patricia Rozema's Mansfield Park." In Janespotting and Beyond: British Heritage Retrovisions since the Mid-1990s, edited by Eckart Voigts-Virchow, 51-64. Tübingen: G. Narr, 2004.
- Fergus, Jan. "Two Mansfield Parks: Purist and Postmodern." In Jane Austen on Screen, edited by Andrew MacDonald and Gina MacDonald, 69-89. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
- Gay, Penny. "Rozema's Fanny Price: Wild Colonial Girl." In Re-Drawing Austen: Picturesque Travels in Austenland, edited by Beatrice Battaglia and Diego Saglia, 387-393. Napoli: Liguori, 2004.
- Greenfield, Sayre, and Linda Troost. "The Mouse that Roared: Patricia Rozema's Mansfield Park." In Jane Austen in Hollywood, edited by Sayre Greenfield and Linda Troost, 188-204. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1998.
- Johnson, Claudia L. "Introduction." In Mansfield Park:
Final Shooting Script, by Patricia Rozema, 1-10. New York: Talk Miramax Books, 2000.
- Monaghan, David. "Reinventing Fanny Price: Patricia Rozema's Thoroughly Modern Mansfield Park." In The Cinematic Jane Austen: Essays on the Filmic Sensibility of the Novels, edited by Ariane Hudelet, David Monaghan, and John Wiltshire, 111-128. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2009.
- Nachumi, Nora. "A Spy in the House of Austen: Literary Critics, Lay Readers, and the Reception of Patricia Rozema's Mansfield Park." In Performing the 'Everyday': The Culture of Genre in the Eighteenth Century, edited by Alden Cavanaugh, 130-138. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2007.
- Sales, Roger. "Paying the Price for the Party: Patricia Rozema's 1999 Version of Mansfield Park." In Re-Drawing Austen: Picturesque Travels in Austenland, edited by Beatrice Battaglia and Diego Saglia, 177-194. Napoli: Liguori, 2004.
- Watson, Tim. "Improvements and Reparations at Mansfield Park." In Literature and Film: A Guide to the Theory and Practice of Film Adaptation, edited by Alessandra Raengo and Robert Stam, 53-70. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2005.
Brief Sections of Books
- Cobb, Shelley. Adaptation, Authorship, and Contemporary Women Filmmakers. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. (pp. 36-48)
- Harris, Jocelyn. "'Such a Transformation': Translation, Imitation, and Intertextuality in Jane Austen on Screen." In Jane Austen on Screen, edited by Andrew MacDonald and Gina MacDonald. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. (pp. 57-62)
- Hopkins, Lisa. Screening the Gothic. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2005. (pp. 48-52)
- Leach, Jim. British Film. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004. (pp. 205-207)
- Sadoff, Dianne F. Victorian Vogue: British Novels on Screen. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010. (pp. 92-99)
- Sedivy, Sonia. "Wittgenstein against Interpretation: 'The Meaning of a Text Does Not Stop Short of Its Facts'." In The Literary Wittgenstein, edited by John Gibson and Wolfgang Huemer. London: Routledge, 2004. (pp. 169, 179-182)
- Sutherland, Kathryn. Jane Austen's Textual Lives: From Aeschylus to Bollywood. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. (pp. 349-351)
- Vidal, Belén. "Playing in a Minor Key: The Literary Past through the Feminist Imagination." In Books in Motion: Adaptation, Intertextuality, Authorship, edited by Mireia Aragay. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2005. (pp. 271-275)
- Wiltshire, John. Recreating Jane Austen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. (pp. 135-138)
- Aragay, Mireia. "Possessing Jane Austen: Fidelity, Authorship,
and Patricia Rozema's Mansfield Park (1999)." Literature/Film Quarterly 31, no. 3 (2003): 177-185.
- Ascheid, Antje. "Safe Rebellions: Romantic
Emancipation in the 'Woman's Heritage Film'." Scope 4 (February 2006).
- Bartine, David, and Eileen Maguire. "Contrapuntal Critical Reading and Invitations to Invention." Interdisciplinary Literary Studies: A Journal of Criticism and Theory 11, no. 2 (Spring 2010): 38-71.
- Groenendyk, Kathi. "Modernizing
Mansfield Park: Patricia Rozema's Spin on Jane Austen." Persuasions: The Jane Austen Journal On-Line 25, no. 1 (2004).
- Monaghan, David. "In Defense of Patricia Rozema's Mansfield Park." Persuasions: The Jane Austen Journal, no. 28 (2006): 59-64.
- Monaghan, David. "Reinventing Fanny Price: Patricia Rozema's Thoroughly Modern Mansfield Park." Mosaic 40, no. 3 (2007): 85-101.
- Moussa, Hiba. "Mansfield Park and Film: An Interview with
Patricia Rozema." Interview with Patricia Rozema. Literature/Film Quarterly 32, no. 4 (2004): 255-260.
- Parrill, A. Sue. "Not the Bluebird of Happiness: Bird Imagery in the Film Mansfield Park." Literature/Film Quarterly 31, no. 3 (2003): 186-192.
- Rodríguez Martín, María Elena. "La influencia de la
ficción breve de Jane Austen en su obra posterior y en la adaptación al
cine de su novela Mansfield Park." Cuento en Red 10 (Autumn 2004). [in Spanish]
- Walsh, Germaine Paulo. "Is Jane Austen Politically
Correct? Interpreting Mansfield Park." Perspectives on Political Science 31, no. 1 (Winter 2002): 15-26.
Newspaper or Magazine Articles
- Ebert, Roger. "Mansfield Park." Review of Mansfield Park. Chicago Sun-Times, November 24, 1999.
- Elia, Maurice. "Mansfield Park." Review of Mansfield Park. Séquences, January-February 2000. [in French]
- Elley, Derek. "Mansfield Park." Review of Mansfield Park. Variety, September 6, 1999.
- Goslawski, Barbara. "Patricia Rozema's Mansfield Park." Take One (Toronto), Winter 2000.
- Lussier, Marc-André. "Mansfield Park : une adaptation remarquable du roman de Jane Austen." Review of Mansfield Park. La Presse, November 27, 1999. [in French]
- Perreault, Luc. "Festival des films du monde : Patricia Rozema en quête de la vraie Jane Austen." Interview with Patricia Rozema. La Presse, August 28, 1999. [in French]
- Perreault, Luc. "Mansfield Park : le charme anglais." Review of Mansfield Park. La Presse, August 28, 1999. [in French]
- Quinn, Anthony. "A thoroughly modern Fanny." Review of Mansfield Park. Independent (U.K.), March 31, 2000.
- Richards, Andy. "Mansfield Park." Review of Mansfield Park. Sight & Sound, April 2000.
- Tremblay, Odile. "Le festival des films du monde : en film d'ouverture : Austen revisitée par Rozema." Le Devoir, August 28, 1999. [in French]
- Tremblay, Odile. "Une respectable oeuvre de commande." Review of Mansfield Park. Le Devoir, November 27, 1999. [in French]
- Shea, Alison. "'I Am a Wild Beast': Patricia Rozema's Forward Fanny." In "'A Quiet Auditor of the Whole': Interpreting Silence in Novel and Film Versions of 'Mansfield Park' and 'Persuasion'," 47-70. M.A. diss., Dalhousie University, 2003.
- Wingfield, Amber Sperry Cason. "Remodeling Mansfield Park." In "Feminism's Third Wave and the Feminist Revisionist Film Subgenre," 35-57. M.A. diss., University of South Alabama, 2009.
Web Sites about Mansfield Park