Canadian Women Film Directors Database
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Friendly Interchange

Directed by Alma Duncan
Canada, 1959 (animation, 10 minutes, colour, English)

Film Description:
"Animated from chalk drawings by artist Alma Duncan and filmed by photographer Audrey MacLaren, the short film is about the exchange of goods over the American/Canadian border and the relationship forged and fostered by two trading nations sharing one very long border."
-- Library and Archives Canada (source)

Film Credits (partial):
Produced by: Audrey McLaren, Alma Duncan
Music: Frederick Karam
Production Company: Dunclaren Productions

Quotes about Friendly Interchange

"In 1951, funded by the steel industry, Dunclaren Productions produced their last film entitled Friendly Interchange. [...] chronicling the trade relationship between Canada and the United States of America between the 18th century and the Cold War period [...]. Alma Duncan included 150 colourful drawings representing the Steep Rock Iron Mine."
-- Jaclyn Meloche (source)

"It took the two women [Alma Duncan and Audrey McLaren] a year to make the 10-minute film [Friendly Interchange], which has 14,500 still pictures they drew and photographed separately."
-- Montreal Gazette (source)

Bibliography for Friendly Interchange

Newspaper or Magazine Articles

Brief Sections of Dissertations

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