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Before They Are Six

Réalisé par Gudrun Bjerring Parker
Canada, 1943 (documentaire, 17 minutes, couleurs, anglais)
Vidéo (Office national du film du Canada) [anglais]

Description du film [en anglais] :
« For a very small sum, a working mother can leave her child at a day nursery where a trained staff supervises meals, health and play. Toddlers are taught how to wash and dress themselves and to put their toys away tidily. »
-- National Film Board of Canada (source)

Générique (partiel) :
Scénario : Gudrun Parker
Société de production : National Film Board of Canada / Office national du film du Canada
(sources)

Citation de la réalisatrice [en anglais]

« Suddenly when women were needed to work in the wartime factories, the government created day nurseries -- they just sprang up overnight. And this day nursery where we shot was in a working-class area, quite close to the factory. And the women would mainly walk to work -- most of them lived in that area [...]. The reason the film was made was because this was a unique development to have low-cost child care for working mothers. You know, the day the war ended those nurseries disappeared, which was really shocking. »
-- Gudrun Bjerring Parker (source)

Citation sur Before They Are Six [en anglais]

« The tone of Before They Are Six is distinctly different from any other NFB film that deals with working women during the war. A film like Home Front, for example, neatly divides the world into two with regard to women: there are those women who work outside the home, and those who work inside it. The fact that thousands of women carried a double burden was not even acknowledged in other films. Women often worked ten-hour shifts in factories and then had to manage all the household chores, cleaning, shopping, cooking, nurturing and child care. [...] At the time the film was made it was assumed that mothers should have the entire responsibility for child care. »
-- Mary Teresa Nash (source)

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